3 edition of Diversity and stability in ecological systems found in the catalog.
Diversity and stability in ecological systems
Brookhaven National Laboratory.
|Series||(Its Brookhaven Symposia in biology -- no. 22), Brookhaven symposia in biology -- no. 22)|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 264 p.|
|Number of Pages||264|
concept of ecological diversity. Species diversity is the most commonly used representation of ecological diversity, but it is not the only measure. Niche width and habitat diversity are also key components of ecological diversity. Niche width describes the availability of resources to an organism (or taxon) over spatial and temporal scales. The first experiments to measure the relationship between diversity and stability manipulated diversity in aquatic microcosms — miniature experimental ecosystems — containing four or more trophic levels, including primary producers, primary and secondary consumers, and decomposers (McGrady-Steed et al. , Naeem & Li ).
DIVERSITY AND STABILITY OF ECOLOGICAL COMMUNITIES: A COMMENT ON THE ROLE OF EMPIRICISM IN ECOLOGY S. J. McNAUGHTON Biological Research Laboratories, Syracuse University, College Place, Syracuse, New York , and Serengeti Research Institute, P.O. Seronera via Arusha, Tanzania. Does greater species diversity lead to greater stability in ecosystems? Viewpoint: Yes, greater species diversity does lead to greater stability in ecosystems. Viewpoint: No, ecosystem stability may provide a foundation upon which diversity can thrive, but increased species diversity does not confer ecosystem stability. In , Philip Handler, president of the United States National Academy.
Abstract. Ecosystem stability in variable environments depends on the diversity of form and function of the constituent species. Species phenotypes and ecologies are the product of evolution, and the evolutionary history represented by co-occurring species has been shown to be an important predictor of ecosystem function. Aug 03, · However, stability is not one, simple property of an ecosystem and there is no one, simple relationship between diversity and stability, say ecologists Tony Ives and Steve Carpenter of the.
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Oct 16, · Diversity and Stability in Ecological Systems. A symposium, Upton, N.Y., May Biology Department, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, (available from the Cited by: 2.
Get this from a library. Diversity and stability in ecological systems; report of symposium held May[Brookhaven National Laboratory. Biology Department.;]. Note: Citations are based on reference standards. However, formatting rules can vary widely between applications and fields of interest or study.
The specific requirements or preferences of your reviewing publisher, classroom teacher, institution or organization should be applied. A.S. Mori, in Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene, Threats to Different Facets of Biological Communities.
Once the ecological stability to be assessed is defined, the next step could be to decide what facets of biological communities are focused. To date, numerous tools and metrics are currently available to evaluate the state of biological communities.
After much progress made with experimental studies in the 60's, Robert May advanced the field of theoretical ecology and refuted the idea that diversity begets stability. Many definitions of ecological stability have emerged in the last decades while the concept continues to gain attention. See also.
Dynamic equilibrium; Ecological resilience. Ecological Understanding of Insects in Organic Farming Systems: Diversity, Stability, and Productivity the sequence of changes that occur as a disturbed system returns to pre-disturbance conditions is called ecological succession.
Stability in A guide to ecological strategies. Sustainable agriculture network handbook series book 7. Complexity, Diversity, and Stability.
/ch In book: A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology (pp - ) This serves to highlight how ecological systems have been Author: James Justus. Of continuous investigation is the relationship between biological diversity and stability.
In the early years of ecological studies, scientists speculated that undisturbed communities would reach equilibrium or a?climax. condition. However, ecologists long ago discarded the notion that there is Continued. Aug 03, · Ives and Carpenter published a review paper on stability and diversity of ecosystems in the journal Science on July 6, Their research is funded by the National Science Foundation's Division of Environmental Biology, Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Program's North Temperate Lakes site in Wisconsin.
Attempts to unveil the relationships between the taxonomic diversity, productivity and stability of ecosystems continue to generate inconclusive, contradictory and controversial conclusions.
New insights from recent studies support the hypothesis that species diversity enhances productivity and stability in some ecosystems, but not in runrevlive.com by: biodiversity and the stability of ecosys tem functioning 87 Table Effects of diversity on resilience of ecosystem properties following a perturbation.
Reference Stability property Trophic. Oct 24, · A major ecosystem effect of biodiversity is to stabilise assemblages that perform particular functions. However, diversity–stability relationships (DSRs) are analysed using a variety of different population and community properties, most of which are adopted from theory that makes several restrictive assumptions that are unlikely to be reflected in runrevlive.com by: Stability and Diversity of Ecosystems Anthony R.
Ives1 and Stephen R. Carpenter2 Understanding the relationship between diversity and stability requires a knowledge of how species interact with each other and how each is affected by the environment. The relationship is also. Ecological stability explained.
An ecosystem is said to possess ecological stability (or equilibrium) if it is capable of returning to its equilibrium state after a perturbation (a capacity known as resilience) or does not experience unexpected large changes in its characteristics across time.
In this paper we review the development of the diversity-stability hypothesis, evaluate attempts to support or refute it, and suggest an alternate perspective for interpreting population stability. We conclude that there is no simple relationship between diversity and stability in ecological runrevlive.com by: Recommend this book.
Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 4, 1 Diversity and the stability of ecological communities: a comment on the role of empiricism in ecology. The American Naturalist, 11, –Cited by: 1. Mar 01, · Although levels of biological diversity may seem to be equivalent in different areas, diversity is created and maintained by a range of different ]processes: overlap of habitat on gradients; a dynamic mosaic of communities; and accumulation and evolution of taxa in extremely stable areas.
These different communities will respond in very different ways to disturbance. The most fragile are Cited by: Also, the concepts are normally discussed with poorly defined terms, reflecting an uncertainty about what concept(s) of stability are useful in ecology and, even more important, what we wish to understand about natural runrevlive.com by: CHAPTER ONE.
The Balance of Nature: What Is It and Why Care. functioning of ecological systems. This book is an attempt to conceptually synthesize our current understand ing of one of the big questions in ecology and evolution—What governs the stability of ecological systems. Although we have brieﬂy discussed stability.
Jul 20, · The diversity in interactions that occur between different species—such as predation, competition, and mutualism—is a fundamental feature of natural ecological systems. Using a theoretical model, Mougi and Kondoh (p. ; see the Perspective by [Boyd]) show that the diversity of ecological relationship helps a biological community to be stable and thus may be key to the Cited by:.
In this paper we review the development of the diversity-stability hypothesis, evaluate attempts to support or refute it, and suggest an alternate perspective for interpreting population stability. We conclude that there is no simple relationship between diversity and stability in ecological systems.Ecological diversity is the largest scale of biodiversity, and within each ecosystem, there is a great deal of both species and genetic diversity.
Biodiversity and Ecosystem Stability.sense, people and ecosystems are interdependent social-ecological systems. The ecosystem concept describes the interrelationships between living organisms (people included) and the non-living environment and provides a holistic approach to understanding the increased diversity leads to an increase in response diversity (range of traits.